20247 Biochemistry II: Carbohydrates, Lipids, Nucleic Acids 1

Credits: 3 intermediate credits in Life Sciences or in Chemistry

Prerequisites: none

Required: Biochemistry I: Proteins - Structure and Function

Recommended: One of the following: Organic Chemistry for Biology Students, Organic Chemistry

Author: Ruth Arav

This course is a continuation of Biochemistry I: Proteins Structure and Function (20204). It covers the structure of carbohydrates (sugars), lipids (fats) and nucleic acids, their function in the organism, metabolic pathways, reactions, and methods of isolation and characterization. The course provides the student with a greater understanding of natural products, their structure and function in cells and in various organisms, as discussed in Cell Structure and Function (20452 or 20214), Genetics (20275), The World of Bacteria (20237) and advanced courses in the Life Sciences.

Topics: Carbohydrates definition, monosaccharides, monosaccharide reactions and derivatives, metabolism of monosaccharides, identification of monosaccharides, the glycosidic bond, oligosaccharides, polysaccharides, conjugated saccharides, identification of polysaccharides; Lipids definition and classification, fatty acids, simple lipids, complex lipids, lipid aggregates, lipid isolation and characterization; Nucleic acids building blocks, nucleotide properties, nucleotide biosynthesis pathways, nucleotide degradation pathways, nucleotide functions, nucleotides in medicine and research, nucleic acids, DNA, RNA, DNA metabolism, RNA metabolism.